It was not unusual for the bride and groom to meet for the first time at the day of their engagement.
However, in the last few decades, Vietnamese women and men marry based on love rather than arranged marriages.
The former is usually embroidered with imperial symbols such as the phoenix and includes an extravagant outer cloak.
This gown is preferably in red or pink, and the bride usually wears a khăn đóng headdress.
In actuality, this now obsolete ceremony was used in the past to confirm—last minute—that the marriage would still take place.
Due to often forced arranged marriages, some brides fled from home into the country.
In the procession, the groom, his family and friends bear elaborately decorated lacquer boxes, covered in red cloth.
Inside these boxes are gifts representing the wealth that the groom's family will bring to the bride's family. The gifts are covered by the red color paper or cloth.
While traditional clothes of Vietnam have always been very diverse depending on the era and occasion, after the Nguyễn Dynasty women began to wear elaborate Áo dài for their weddings.
These dresses were modeled after the Áo mệnh phụ (royal Áo dài) of Nguyễn Dynasty court ladies.
Preparation for the traditional Vietnamese wedding begins with choosing a date and time for the marriage ceremony.
This is decided by a Buddhist monk, Spiritual leader, or fortune teller due to the spiritual nature of the occasion.
The bride and groom burn incense sticks, asking for permission from the ancestors to bless them.