The word magyar is taken from the name of one of the seven major semi-nomadic Hungarian tribes, magyeri.The first element magy is likely from Proto-Ugric *mäńć- 'man, person', also found in the name of the Mansi people (mäńćī, mańśi, måńś).He led the Fifth Crusade to the Holy Land in 1217, setting up the largest royal army in the history of Crusades.
that covers an area of 93,030 square kilometres (35,920 sq mi) in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
Major urban areas include Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, Pécs and Győr.
After a destructive period of interregnum (1301–1308), the first Angevin king, Charles I of Hungary – a bilineal descendant of the Árpád dynasty – successfully restored royal power, and defeated oligarch rivals, the so-called "little kings".
The second Angevin Hungarian king, Louis the Great (1342–1382), led many successful military campaigns from Lithuania to Southern Italy (Kingdom of Naples), and was also King of Poland from 1370.
As a substantial actor in several industrial and technological sectors, Hungary performs well in international rankings: it is 20th in quality of life, 24th in Good Country Index, 28th in inequality-adjusted human development, 32nd in the Social Progress Index, 33rd in Global Innovation Index and ranks as the 15th safest country in the world.
Hungary joined the European Union in 2004 and has been part of the Schengen Area since 2007.
Initially, the rising Principality of Hungary ("Western Tourkia" in medieval Greek sources) His first-born son, Saint Stephen I, became the first King of Hungary after defeating his pagan uncle Koppány, who also claimed the throne.
Under Stephen, Hungary was recognized as a Catholic Apostolic Kingdom.
By the 12th century, Hungary became a middle power within the Western world, reaching a golden age by the 15th century.