While certainly a scene-stealer, there are also many other reminders of the Inca throughout Peru, with the ruins at Sacsayhuaman also holding much significance.The decline of the Incas began some time around 1532, with the arrival of Spanish colonisers, civil war and the devastating smallpox virus contributing to the instability of the once-great empire.However, the Incas can lay claim to being one of the most famous and revered empires of all.
Organised civilisations based on land cultivation appear to have been established some time around 6000 BC.
Over the centuries, Peru has seen many different civilisations rise and fall, grow and decline and evidence of these ancient civilisations can be found all around the country today, with the Nazca Lines being one of the most enigmatic examples.
Out of the cities, rural life is largely agriculture-based, with locals working on potato, maize, coffee, rice and other farms.
Archaeological evidence indicates that early life in Peru started up to 11,000 years ago, with nomadic people living a hunter-gatherer lifestyle.
Like many other South American nations, contemporary Peru is a rich mix of the modern and the ancient.
The population is made up of Quechuans, Peruvians of Spanish descent and small groups of people from Asia, Africa and the Caribbean nations.June, July and August are considered the driest months in the highlands and Amazon basin and are optimal for hiking and river journeys.However, even during the rainy season in the Amazon, the rains only fall for a few hours at a time.This street food triumph is a winner - it's perfect for fussy eaters, vegetarians and the budget conscious. Rumoured to help with altitude sickness, this tea made from coca leaves is drunk by locals all over the Andes region and is hailed for its 'medicinal' properties.The national drink of Peru gets whipped up with lime juice, egg white and sugar to create this well known cocktail. Sharing borders with Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Ecuador, Peru also has a long stretch of coast along the Pacific Ocean.Home to a diverse range of landscapes, Peru can lay claim to parts of the Amazon Basin, Andean mountain range and Lake Titicaca as well as areas of tropical savanna, desert, cloud forest, mangroves and beaches.